Autopsy and Case Reports
https://autopsyandcasereports.org/article/doi/10.4322/acr.2021.409
Autopsy and Case Reports
Clinical Case Report

The many faces of endometriosis

Marcelo Luis Pereira de Souza Filho; Talita Porto da Costa; Nathanael Pinheiro de Freitas Junior; Maiara Ferreira de Souza; Daniel Abensur Athanazio

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Abstract

Endometriosis is a common disease; however, unusual findings may cause diagnostic difficulties. We present herein three cases illustrating different morphological appearances of endometriosis: 1) endometriosis with atypical hyperplasia associated with bilateral ovarian carcinoma (mixed clear cell/endometrioid in the left ovary and endometrioid in the right ovary); 2) deep infiltrating endometriosis with intravascular spread, polypoid configuration in peritoneal surfaces, and involvement of a lymph node; and 3) decidualized endometriosis with prominent myxoid/mucinous change and multivacuolated (pseudoxanthoma) cells. Awareness of uncommon morphological manifestations of endometriosis is important to avoid improper consideration of malignancy.

Keywords

Endometriosis, Ovary, Pathology

References

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Submitted date:
10/23/2021

Accepted date:
10/19/2022

Publication date:
11/03/2022

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