Autopsy and Case Reports
https://autopsyandcasereports.org/article/doi/10.4322/acr.2021.260
Autopsy and Case Reports
Clinical Case Report

Tubular colonic duplication in an adult patient with long-standing history of constipation and tenesmus

Hisham F. Bahmad; Luis E. Rosario Alvarado; Kiranmayi P. Muddasani; Ana Maria Medina

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Abstract

Background: Intestinal duplications are rare congenital developmental anomalies with an incidence of 0.005-0.025% of births. They are usually identified before 2 years of age and commonly affect the foregut or mid-/hindgut. However, it is very uncommon for these anomalies, to arise in the colon or present during adulthood.

Case presentation: Herein, we present a case of a 28-year-old woman with a long-standing history of constipation, tenesmus, and rectal prolapse. Colonoscopy results were normal. An abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed a diffusely mildly dilated redundant colon, which was prominently stool-filled. The gastrografin enema showed ahaustral mucosal appearance of the sigmoid and descending colon with findings suggestive of tricompartmental pelvic floor prolapse, moderate-size anterior rectocele, and grade 2 sigmoidocele. A laparoscopic exploration was performed, revealing a tubular duplicated colon at the sigmoid level. A sigmoid resection rectopexy was performed. Pathologic examination supported the diagnosis. At 1-month follow-up, the patient was doing well without constipation or rectal prolapse.

Conclusions: Tubular colonic duplications are very rare in adults but should be considered in the differential diagnosis of chronic constipation refractory to medical therapy. Due to the non-specific manifestations of this entity, it is rather challenging to make an accurate diagnosis pre-operatively. Surgery remains the mainstay of treatment. Some reports suggest that carcinomas are more prone to develop in colonic/rectal duplications than in other GI tract duplications.

Keywords

Case Reports, Congenital Abnormalities, Constipation, Diverticulum, Colon

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Submitted date:
01/05/2021

Accepted date:
02/02/2021

Publication date:
05/06/2021

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