Autopsy and Case Reports
http://autopsyandcasereports.org/article/doi/10.4322/acr.2018.050
Autopsy and Case Reports
Article / Autopsy Case Report

Fatal Disseminated Herpes Simplex in a very premature neonate

Ranjit I Kylat; Joel Addams; Richard E Sobonya

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Abstract

Herpes Simplex Virus infections (HSV) are ubiquitous. The neonatal HSV infection (NHSV) is rare. The incidence is estimated globally at only 10.3 per 100,000 births, but it can cause devastating disease in premature infants. Both HSV-1 and HSV-2 can be the etiologic agents in this type of vertically transmittted NHSV infection. Here we describe the pathological findings from a complete autopsy of a very low birth weight infant who succumbed to the infection despite early institution of antiviral treatment. We urge more awareness of this disease with continued surveillance; every effort should be taken to make an early diagnosis and thus prevent this devastating disease.

Keywords

Pathology, Infant, Newborn, Premature birth, Herpes Simplex, Pregnancy Complications, Infectious, Neonatal Sepsis, Intranuclear Inclusion Bodies, Infant, Low Birth Weight

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