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Snyder-Robinson syndrome

Rachel Starks; Patricia Kirby; Michael Ciliberto; Marco Hefti


Snyder-Robinson syndrome, also known as spermine synthase deficiency, is an X-linked intellectual disability syndrome (OMIM #390583). First described by Drs. Snyder and Robinson in 1969, this syndrome is characterized by an asthenic body habitus, facial dysmorphism, broad-based gait, and osteoporosis with frequent fractures. We report here a pediatric autopsy of a 4 year old male with a history of intellectual disability, gait abnormalities, multiple fractures, and seizures previously diagnosed with Snyder-Robinson syndrome with an SMS gene mutation (c.831G>T:p.L277F). The cause of death was hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy secondary to prolonged seizure activity. Although Snyder-Robinson syndrome is rare, the need to recognize clinical findings in order to trigger genetic testing has likely resulted in under diagnosis.


Spermine Synthase, Snyder-Robinson syndrome, Mental Retardation, X-linked, Intellectual Disability


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